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|Author||: Malcolm Smith|
|Editor||: CRC Press|
The biology of people in the past is a rapidly expanding field of historical study. Our capacity to understand the biology of historical populations is experiencing remarkable developments on both theoretical and analytical fronts. Human Biology and History weaves together the fields of biology, archaeology, and anthropology in an exchange o
|Author||: Michael D. Johnson|
|Editor||: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company|
"Through his teaching, his textbook, and his online blog, Michael D. Johnson sparks interest by connecting basic biology to real-world issues relevant to your life. Through a storytelling approach ad extensive online support, Human Biology : Concepts and Current Issues, Seventh edition not only demysitfies how the human body works but drives you to become a better, more discerning consumer of health and science related information." --
|Author||: Jonathan CK Wells,Simon Strickland,Kevin Laland|
|Editor||: CRC Press|
Recent research has emphasized that socially transmitted information may affect both the gene pool and the phenotypes of individuals and populations, and that an improved understanding of evolutionary issues is beneficial to those working towards the improvement of human health. Equally, an improved awareness of how human behavior influences health and reproductive fitness is starting to shed new light on the processes that shape the evolution of human behavior and the human mind. Focusing directly on these emerging trends, Social Information Transmission and Human Biology bridges the gap between primarily theoretical work undertaken by those with evolutionary interests and biomedical work undertaken by those dealing with practical issues in human health and demographics. Incorporating papers from a symposium organized under the auspices of the UK Society for the Study of Human Biology, this volume merges the perspectives of internationally renowned evolutionary and theoretical biologists, zoologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, psychologists, and medical researchers whose work is linked by common themes addressing how information is transmitted socially and how its transmission influences both immediate and evolutionary biological outcomes. Emphasizes the diverse ways in which socially transmitted information impacts on human biology To illustrate these themes, the chapters draw on models and data ranging from observations on chimpanzee populations in the wild and on the human archaeological record, to studies of contemporary humans in both developing and industrialized countries. Taking a broad approach, many of the chapters address areas of behavior that are familiar to scientists in particular fields, but do so using a variety of cross-disciplinary perspectives, which will prove stimulating for researchers in a range of academic subject areas, while helping to facilitate closer collaboration between biological and social scientists.
|Author||: John Komlos,Inas Rashad Kelly|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press|
The Oxford Handbook of Economics and Human Biology introduces the scholarly community to the relationship between economic processes and human biology. A society’s biological well-being is important if one is to understand numerous aspects of political and economic developments: the outbreak of revolutions; the effect of industrialization and modernization on a population’s well-being; the demographic transition; and changes in the degree of social inequality by gender, social class, and geographic location. The contributions in this Handbook examine the various ways the economy affects human biological outcomes and, reciprocally, the impact of the latter on the former both over time and cross-sectionally. Another focus is on biological measures as inputs, such as how height and weight affect labor market outcomes and the role of genetic markers on economic variables. A third purpose is to introduce the reader to developmental aspects and policy, particularly correlates of malnutrition and poverty across the world.
|Author||: Sara Stinson,Barry Bogin,Dennis H. O'Rourke|
|Editor||: John Wiley & Sons|
This comprehensive introduction to the field of human biology covers all the major areas of the field: genetic variation, variation related to climate, infectious and non-infectious diseases, aging, growth, nutrition, and demography. Written by four expert authors working in close collaboration, this second edition has been thoroughly updated to provide undergraduate and graduate students with two new chapters: one on race and culture and their ties to human biology, and the other a concluding summary chapter highlighting the integration and intersection of the topics covered in the book.
|Author||: Caleb E. Finch|
Written by Caleb Finch, one of the leading scientists of our time, The Biology of Human Longevity: Inflammation, Nutrition, and Aging in the Evolution of Lifespans synthesizes several decades of top research on the topic of human aging and longevity particularly on the recent theories of inflammation and its effects on human health. The book expands a number of existing major theories, including the Barker theory of fetal origins of adult disease to consider the role of inflammation and Harmon's free radical theory of aging to include inflammatory damage. Future increases in lifespan are challenged by the obesity epidemic and spreading global infections which may reverse the gains made in lowering inflammatory exposure. This timely and topical book will be of interest to anyone studying aging from any scientific angle. Author Caleb Finch is a highly influential and respected scientist, ranked in the top half of the 1% most cited scientists Provides a novel synthesis of existing ideas about the biology of longevity and aging Incorporates important research findings from several disciplines, including Gerontology, Genomics, Neuroscience, Immunology, Nutrition
|Author||: C. J. Wallis|
Human Biology is a textbook on human biology and presents facts and details about a number of diseases as well as organ transplants, antibiotics, and anesthetics. Other topics include world food, drug addiction, smoking, and lung cancer and the effects of radioactivity. The important subject of environmental pollution is also discussed. Some of the common disorders and diseases of the various systems are mentioned at the end of the chapters in addition to the characteristics of certain specified diseases. Comprised of 34 chapters, this book begins with an overview of man and his origins, as well as human biology and the human body. The discussion then turns to cell structure and tissues; the skin; the skeletal system; and joints. The biochemistry of foodstuffs is also examined, along with digestion and the alimentary system; the cardiovascular system; maintenance of body temperature; the genital system and reproduction; and hormones and the endocrine system. In addition, the book considers antibiotics, drugs, and anesthetics, as well as vectors and other parasites affecting humans. This monograph is intended for student nurses and potential medical students, as well as for non-science students and general readers who wish to learn something about the human body and its health.
|Author||: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences|
|Editor||: National Academies Press|
It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.
|Author||: Sandy B. Primrose,Richard Twyman|
|Editor||: John Wiley & Sons|
Written by the successful author team of Sandy Primrose and Richard Twyman, Genomics: Applications in Human Biology is a topical book showing how the new science of genomics is adding impetus to the advances in human health provided by biotechnology. Written to provide the necessary overview of the subject, covering technological developments, applications and (where necessary) the ethical implications. Divided into three sections, the first section introduces the role of biotechnology and genomics in medicine and sets out some of the technological advances that have been the basis of recent medical breakthroughs. The second section takes a closer look at how biotechnology and genomics are influencing the prevention and treatment of different categories of disease. Finally the contribution of biotechnology and genomics to the development of different types of therapy is described, including conventional drugs, recombinant proteins and gene/cell therapies. References to appropriate sections in other two popular books, authored by Sandy Primrose and Richard Twyman, are included - Principles of Gene Manipulation and Principles of Gene Analysis and Genomics. Features several categories of boxed text, including history boxes (describing the origins and development of particular technologies or treatments), molecular boxes (featuring the molecular basis of diseases or treatments in more detail) and ethic boxes (which discusses the ethical implications of technology development and new therapies).
|Author||: Robert Barrass|
Human Biology Made Simple is an introductory work on the study of biology in relation to people and the interdependence of all living things. This book is organized into three parts encompassing 31 chapters. Part 1 deals with the people and the other animals and plants which make lives possible. This part examines the study of life and its continuity, laws of heredity, multicellular organisms, cells and tissues, and the interdependence of all organisms. Part 2 discusses the body and how it works, as well as the benefits of physical fitness, personal health, and hygiene. Part 3 highlights social life, the social consequences of many discoveries in biology, and some problems of community and world health. This book will prove useful to health education and human biology students.
|Author||: Judith Goodenough,Betty McGuire|
|Editor||: Benjamin Cummings|
Known for its unique “Special Topic” chapters and emphasis on everyday health concerns, theFifth Edition of Biology of Humans: Concepts, Applications, and Issuescontinues to personalize the study of human biology with a conversational writing style, stunning art, abundant applications, and tools to help you develop critical-thinking skills. The authors give you a practical and friendly introduction for understanding how their bodies work and for preparing them to navigate today's world of rapidly expanding—and shifting—health information. Each chapter now opens with new “Did You Know?” questions that pique your interest with intriguing and little-known facts about the topic that follows. The Fifth Edition also features a new “Special Topic” chapter (1a) titled “Becoming a Patient: A Major Decision,” which discusses how to select a doctor and/or a hospital, how to research health conditions, and more.
|Author||: George Ellison,Alan H. Goodman|
|Editor||: CRC Press|
Unprecedented advances in genetics and biotechnology have brought profound new insights into human biological variation. These present challenges and opportunities for understanding the origins of human nature, the nature of difference, and the social practices these sustain. This provides an opportunity for cooperation between the biological and social sciences – one that is capable of prompting a synergistic exchange of ideas with far-reaching implications. The Nature of Differencecritically analyses biological explanations for morality, criminality, race, sexuality, and disability. Based on the 45th annual symposium of the Society for the Study of Human Biology, this work synthesizes the perspectives of established experts in the field of human biology with those studying the social meanings of human biological variation and scientific practices in human biological research. Some questions addressed by The Nature of Difference: · Is there a biological basis for morality, criminality, witchcraft, sexuality or disability? · What do comparisons of humans and apes tell us about society? · How do people draw on scientific methods to justify racism? · Why do geneticists continue to use racial categories in their research? · Do ethical guidelines constrain or facilitate research into human biology? · Can science and society escape from biological determinism? As biotechnology expands the frontiers of what we know and what we are able to do, and as the genomic revolution moves out of the laboratory and into our daily lives, we are faced with a number of pressing social issues that need to be resolved. Offering an unparalleled collection of multidisciplinary perspectives on the meanings of biological diversity, this book provides readers with a vibrant analysis which revisits these issues with deepened insight from contrasting yet complementary perspectives.
|Author||: Daniel E. Brown|
This text is intended for the sophomore level course in human variation/human biology taught in anthropology departments. It may also serve as a supplementary text in introductory physical anthropology courses. In addition to covering the standard topics for the course, it features contemporary topics in human biology such as the Human Genome Project, genetic engineering, the effects of stress, obesity and pollution.
|Author||: Michael P. Muehlenbein|
|Editor||: Cambridge University Press|
Wide-ranging and inclusive, this text provides an invaluable review of an expansive selection of topics in human evolution, variation and adaptability for professionals and students in biological anthropology, evolutionary biology, medical sciences and psychology. The chapters are organized around four broad themes, with sections devoted to phenotypic and genetic variation within and between human populations, reproductive physiology and behavior, growth and development, and human health from evolutionary and ecological perspectives. An introductory section provides readers with the historical, theoretical and methodological foundations needed to understand the more complex ideas presented later. Two hundred discussion questions provide starting points for class debate and assignments to test student understanding.
|Author||: Wendi Roscoe|
The only title written for Canadian pre-health courses, Human Biology, Anatomy, and Physiology for the Health Sciences focuses on human-related biology topics such as cells, metabolism, evolution, and inheritance as well as the physiological systems. Class-tested, this text has been praised by students as clear, concise, and easy to understand. Author Wendi Roscoe has taken care to write a book that is truly engaging and relevant for students, using examples of diseases or conditions that help students understand how normal physiology can go wrong, while not compromising the depth and breadth of content required for an introductory course.
|Author||: Sylvia Mader|
|Editor||: McGraw-Hill Education|
Instructors consistently ask for a Human Biology textbook that helps students understand the main themes of biology through the lens of the human body. Mader’s Human Biology, 14th Edition accomplishes the goal of improving scientific literacy, while establishing a foundation of knowledge in human biology and physiology. The text integrates a tested, traditional learning system with modern digital and pedagogical approaches designed to stimulate and engage today’s student. Dr. Michael Windelspecht represents the new generation of digital authors. Through the integration of an array of multimedia resources, Michael has committed to delivering the tried-and-true content of the Mader series to the new generation of digital learners. A veteran of the online, hybrid, and traditional teaching environments, Michael is well-versed in the challenges facing the modern student and educator. Michael personally guided and oversaw all aspects of Connect and LearnSmart content accompany Human Biology, 14th Edition.