The Norton Introduction to Philosophy

The Norton Introduction to Philosophy
Available:
Author: Gideon Rosen,Alex Byrne,Joshua Cohen,Seana Valentine Shiffrin
Pages: 1137
ISBN: 9780393932201
Release: 2015-01-14
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Edited by a team of four leading philosophers, The Norton Introduction to Philosophy introduces students to contemporary perspectives on major philosophical issues and questions. This text features an impressive array of readings, including 25 specially-commissioned essays by prominent philosophers. A student-friendly presentation, a handy format, and a low price make The Norton Introduction to Philosophy as accessible and affordable as it is up-to-date.

The Norton Introduction to Philosophy Second Edition

The Norton Introduction to Philosophy  Second Edition
Available:
Author: Gideon Rosen,Alex Byrne,Joshua Cohen,Elizabeth Harman,Seana Valentine Shiffrin
Pages: 1312
ISBN: 0393631478
Release: 2018
Editor: Unknown

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The Norton Introduction to Philosophy

The Norton Introduction to Philosophy
Available:
Author: Alex Byrne,Gideon Rosen,Joshua Cohen,Seana Valentine Shiffrin,Elizabeth J. Harman
Pages: 1312
ISBN: 0393624420
Release: 2018-06-11
Editor: Unknown

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Philosophy made accessible for introductory students.

The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy

The Norton Anthology of Western Philosophy
Available:
Author: Richard Schacht,James Conant,Jay R. Elliott
Pages: 2064
ISBN: 0393974685
Release: 2017
Editor: W. W. Norton

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The new standard anthology of nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy.

An Introduction to Moral Philosophy

An Introduction to Moral Philosophy
Available:
Author: Wolff, Jonathan
Pages: 425
ISBN: 9780393428179
Release: 2020-09-01
Editor: W.W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

From respected philosopher and writer Jonathan Wolff, this brief introduction to ethics stimulates independent thought, emphasizes real-world examples, and provides clear and engaging introductions to key moral theories and the thinkers behind them. The new Second Edition offers expanded coverage of moral reasoning, as well as two thoughtful and contemporary new chapters on applying moral philosophy and the ethics of race. A companion primary source collection, Readings in Moral Philosophy, amplifies issues discussed in the text, connecting them to problems in applied ethics.

On Aristotle Saving Politics from Philosophy Liveright Classics

On Aristotle  Saving Politics from Philosophy  Liveright Classics
Available:
Author: Alan Ryan
Pages: 160
ISBN: 9780871407498
Release: 2013-11-18
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

An essential, comprehensive, and accessible guide to the life and works of Aristotle. In On Aristotle: Saving Politics from Philosophy, Alan Ryan examines Plato's most famous student and sharpest critic, whose writing has helped shape over two millennia of Western philosophy, science, and religion. The first thinker to posit that a society should be ruled by laws and not men, Aristotle was born in Stagira, Macedon, in 384 BCE. He would go on to join Plato's Academy and eventually become tutor to Alexander the Great. During his lifetime he would see the revival of Athens following its destruction in the Peloponnesian War, before the ultimate extinction of its radical form of democracy after the Macedonian conquest. Aristotle’s strongly empirical cast of mind was brought to bear on a stunning range of subjects, from rhetoric to physics, from the history of political institutions and mathematics to zoology and botany. The resulting system dominated European thought from the thirteenth to seventeenth centuries. In Nicomachean Ethics and Politics—both excerpted here—Aristotle attempted to delineate the ideal virtues of a both public and private life as well as critique the utopian antipolitics of his former teacher, Plato. For Aristotle, life in a polis was the natural state of man and provided the greatest opportunity for human beings to fulfill their potential. Unlike his scientific theories, which would eventually be displaced by Galileo, Newton, and Darwin, Aristotle’s meticulous thinking on the nature of human affairs, ethics, politics, citizenship, and virtue in a civil society remains as vital today as it was in his own time.

An Introduction to Ethics

An Introduction to Ethics
Available:
Author: John Deigh
Pages: 241
ISBN: 9780521772464
Release: 2010-03-04
Editor: Cambridge University Press

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

This book examines the central questions of ethics through a study of the great ethical works of Western philosophy.

Intuition Pumps And Other Tools for Thinking

Intuition Pumps And Other Tools for Thinking
Available:
Author: Daniel C. Dennett
Pages: 512
ISBN: 9780393348781
Release: 2014-05-05
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The philosophy professor behind Breaking the Spell and Consciousness Explained offers exercises and tools to stretch the mind, offering new ways to consider, discuss and argue positions on dangerous subject matter including evolution, the meaning of life and free will.

Talking God Philosophers on Belief

Talking God  Philosophers on Belief
Available:
Author: Gary Gutting
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780393352825
Release: 2016-11-22
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Through interviews with twelve distinguished philosophers—including atheists, agnostics, and believers—Talking God works toward a philosophical understanding and evaluation of religion. Along the way, Gary Gutting and his interviewees challenge many common assumptions about religious beliefs. As tensions simmer, and often explode, between the secular and the religious forces in modern life, the big questions about human belief press ever more urgently. Where does belief, or its lack, originate? How can we understand and appreciate religious traditions different from our own? Featuring conversations with twelve skeptics, atheists, agnostics, and believers—including Alvin Plantinga, Philip Kitcher, Michael Ruse, and John Caputo—Talking God offers new perspectives on religion, including the challenge to believers from evolution, cutting-edge physics and cosmology; arguments both for and against atheism; and meditations on the value of secular humanism and faith in the modern world. Experts offer insights on Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism, as well as Judaism and Christianity. Topical and illuminating, Talking God gives readers a deeper understanding of faith today and how philosophers understand it. From Talking God: “[Some say] Buddhism is not a religion because Buddhists don’t believe in a supreme being. This simply ignores the fact that many religions are not theistic in this sense. Chess is a game, despite the fact that it is not played with a ball, after all.” —Jay Garfield, from chapter 10, “Buddhism: Religion Without Divinity” “Why think that the creator was all-knowing and omnipotent?— Maybe the creator was a student god, and only got a B minus on this project?” —Louise Antony, from chapter 2, “A Case for Atheism” “There are a large number—maybe a couple of dozen—of pretty good theistic arguments. None is conclusive, but each, or at any rate the whole bunch taken together, is about as strong as philosophical arguments ordinarily get.” —Alvin Plantinga, from chapter 1, “A Case for Theism” “If you cease to ‘believe’ in a particular religious creed, like Calvinism or Catholicism, you have changed your mind and adopted a new position— But if you lose ‘faith,’—everything is lost. You have lost your faith in life, lost hope in the future, lost heart, and you cannot go on.” —John Caputo, from chapter 3, “Religion and Deconstruction”

Philosophies of Love

Philosophies of Love
Available:
Author: David L. Norton,Mary F. Kille
Pages: 296
ISBN: 9781461640806
Release: 1989-01-18
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.

Conscience The Origins of Moral Intuition

Conscience  The Origins of Moral Intuition
Available:
Author: Patricia Churchland
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9781324000907
Release: 2019-06-04
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

How do we determine right from wrong? Conscience illuminates the answer through science and philosophy. In her brilliant work Touching a Nerve, Patricia S. Churchland, the distinguished founder of neurophilosophy, drew from scientific research on the brain to understand its philosophical and ethical implications for identity, consciousness, free will, and memory. In Conscience, she explores how moral systems arise from our physical selves in combination with environmental demands. All social groups have ideals for behavior, even though ethics vary among different cultures and among individuals within each culture. In trying to understand why, Churchland brings together an understanding of the influences of nature and nurture. She looks to evolution to elucidate how, from birth, our brains are configured to form bonds, to cooperate, and to care. She shows how children grow up in society to learn, through repetition and rewards, the norms, values, and behavior that their parents embrace. Conscience delves into scientific studies, particularly the fascinating work on twins, to deepen our understanding of whether people have a predisposition to embrace specific ethical stands. Research on psychopaths illuminates the knowledge about those who abide by no moral system and the explanations science gives for these disturbing individuals. Churchland then turns to philosophy—that of Socrates, Aquinas, and contemporary thinkers like Owen Flanagan—to explore why morality is central to all societies, how it is transmitted through the generations, and why different cultures live by different morals. Her unparalleled ability to join ideas rarely put into dialogue brings light to a subject that speaks to the meaning of being human.

Logic Made Easy How to Know When Language Deceives You

Logic Made Easy  How to Know When Language Deceives You
Available:
Author: Deborah J. Bennett
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780393347616
Release: 2005-07-17
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

"The best introduction to logic you will find."—Martin Gardner "Professor Bennett entertains as she instructs," writes Publishers Weekly about the penetrating yet practical Logic Made Easy. This brilliantly clear and gratifyingly concise treatment of the ancient Greek discipline identifies the illogical in everything from street signs to tax forms. Complete with puzzles you can try yourself, Logic Made Easy invites readers to identify and ultimately remedy logical slips in everyday life. Designed with dozens of visual examples, the book guides you through those hair-raising times when logic is at odds with our language and common sense. Logic Made Easy is indeed one of those rare books that will actually make you a more logical human being.

How To Read Wittgenstein

How To Read Wittgenstein
Available:
Author: Ray Monk
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781783785711
Release: 2019-03-07
Editor: Granta Books

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Though Wittgenstein wrote on the same subjects that dominate the work of other analytic philosophers - the nature of logic, the limits of language, the analysis of meaning - he did so in a peculiarly poetic style that separates his work sharply from that of his peers and makes the question of how to read him particularly pertinent. At the root of Wittgenstein's thought, Ray Monk argues, is a determination to resist the scientism characteristic of our age, a determination to insist on the integrity and the autonomy of non-scientific forms of understanding. The kind of understanding we seek in philosophy, Wittgenstein tried to make clear, is similar to the kind we might seek of a person, a piece of music, or, indeed, a poem. Extracts are taken from Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus and from a range of writings, including Philosophical Investigations, The Blue and Brown Books and Last Writings on the Philosophy of Psychology.

Beginning Ethics

Beginning Ethics
Available:
Author: Lewis Vaughn
Pages: 192
ISBN: 0393937909
Release: 2014-08-01
Editor: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The most accessible, practical, and affordable introduction to ethical theory and moral reasoning.

The Norton Introduction to Literature

The Norton Introduction to Literature
Available:
Author: Alison Booth,J. Paul Hunter,Kelly J. Mays
Pages: 1775
ISBN: 039392615X
Release: 2006
Editor: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The Norton Introduction to Literature, Shorter Ninth Edition, is an unparalleled collection of the very best classic and contemporary stories, poems, and plays in an inviting format that accommodates many different teaching styles, reading tastes, and pedagogical needs. Now offering a new contextual chapter, a completely rewritten section on writing about literature, refreshed pedagogy throughout the book, new student-writing samples, and 54 new literary selections, The Norton Introduction to Literature, Shorter Ninth Edition, is more flexible and attractive than ever before.

The Philosophy Major s Introduction to Philosophy

The Philosophy Major   s Introduction to Philosophy
Available:
Author: Ken Akiba
Pages: 190
ISBN: 9781000163216
Release: 2020-08-26
Editor: Routledge

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Many philosophy majors are shocked by the gap between the relative ease of lower-level philosophy courses and the difficulty of upper-division courses. This book serves as a necessary bridge to upper-level study in philosophy by offering rigorous but concise and accessible accounts of basic concepts and distinctions that are used throughout the discipline. It serves as a valuable advanced introduction to any undergraduate who is moving into upper-level courses in philosophy. While lower-level introductions to philosophy usually deal with popular topics accessible to the general student (such as contemporary moral issues, free will, and personal identity) in a piecemeal fashion, The Philosophy Major’s Introduction to Philosophy offers coverage of important general philosophical concepts, tools, and devices that may be used for a long time to come in various philosophical areas. The volume is helpfully divided between a focus on the relation between language and the world in the first three chapters and coverage of mental content in the final two chapters, but builds a coherent narrative from start to finish. It also provides ample study questions and helpful signposts throughout, making it a must-have for any student attempting to engage fully with the problems and arguments in philosophy. Key Features Integrates topics from various areas of philosophy, such as philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and philosophical logic Provides descriptions of logico-mathematical tools necessary for philosophical studies, such as propositional logic, predicate logic, modal logic, set theory, mereology, and mathematical functions Makes connections with modern philosophy, including discussions of Descartes’s skepticism and dualism, Locke’s theory of personal identity, Hume’s theory of causation, and Kant’s synthetic a priori Includes well-known entertaining puzzles and thought experiments such as the Ship of Theseus, the Statue and the Clay, a Brain in a Vat, and Twin Earth Lists helpful Exercise Questions and Discussion Questions at the end of each chapter and answers selected questions at the back of the book

History of Western Philosophy

History of Western Philosophy
Available:
Author: Bertrand Russell
Pages: 928
ISBN: 9781416599159
Release: 2008-06-30
Editor: Simon and Schuster

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Hailed as “lucid and magisterial” by The Observer, this book is universally acclaimed as the outstanding one-volume work on the subject of Western philosophy. Considered to be one of the most important philosophical works of all time, the History of Western Philosophy is a dazzlingly unique exploration of the ideologies of significant philosophers throughout the ages—from Plato and Aristotle through to Spinoza, Kant and the twentieth century. Written by a man who changed the history of philosophy himself, this is an account that has never been rivaled since its first publication over sixty years ago. Since its first publication in 1945, Lord Russell’s A History of Western Philosophy is still unparalleled in its comprehensiveness, its clarity, its erudition, its grace, and its wit. In seventy-six chapters he traces philosophy from the rise of Greek civilization to the emergence of logical analysis in the twentieth century. Among the philosophers considered are: Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, the Atomists, Protagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Cynics, the Sceptics, the Epicureans, the Stoics, Plotinus, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, Benedict, Gregory the Great, John the Scot, Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William of Occam, Machiavelli, Erasmus, More, Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, the Utilitarians, Marx, Bergson, James, Dewey, and lastly the philosophers with whom Lord Russell himself is most closely associated—Cantor, Frege, and Whitehead, coauthor with Russell of the monumental Principia Mathematica.

The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism

The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism
Available:
Author: Leitch, Vincent B.,Cain, William E.,Finke, Laurie A.,McGowan, John,Sharpley-Whiting, T. Denean,Williams, Jeffrey J.
Pages: 2848
ISBN: 9780393602951
Release: 2018-06-11
Editor: W.W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

The gold standard anthology for anyone who wants to understand the development and current state of literary theory. Offering 191 pieces by 157 authors, The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, Third Edition, is more comprehensive and more varied in its selection than any other anthology. Forty-eight NEW selections—concentrated mostly on the twentieth and twenty-first centuries—make the book not only the best overview of the history of theory, but also a remarkably up-to-date portrait of the state of theory today.

Neuro Philosophy and the Healthy Mind Learning from the Unwell Brain

Neuro Philosophy and the Healthy Mind  Learning from the Unwell Brain
Available:
Author: Georg Northoff
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780393709391
Release: 2016-01-11
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

Applying insights from neuroscience to philosophical questions about the self, consciousness, and the healthy mind. Can we “see” or “find” consciousness in the brain? How can we create working definitions of consciousness and subjectivity, informed by what contemporary research and technology have taught us about how the brain works? How do neuronal processes in the brain relate to our experience of a personal identity? Where does the brain end and the mind begin? To explore these and other questions, esteemed philosopher and neuroscientist Georg Northoff turns to examples of unhealthy minds. By investigating consciousness through its absence—in people in vegetative states, for example—we can develop a model for understanding its presence in an active, healthy person. By examining instances of distorted self-recognition in people with psychiatric disorders, like schizophrenia, we can begin to understand how the experience of “self” is established in a stable brain. Taking an integrative approach to understanding the self, consciousness, and what it means to be mentally healthy, this book brings insights from neuroscience to bear on philosophical questions. Readers will find a science-grounded examination of the human condition with far-reaching implications for psychology, medicine, our daily lives, and beyond.

The Knowledge Machine How Irrationality Created Modern Science

The Knowledge Machine  How Irrationality Created Modern Science
Available:
Author: Michael Strevens
Pages: 368
ISBN: 9781631491382
Release: 2020-10-13
Editor: Liveright Publishing

DESCRIPTION OF THE BOOK:

“The Knowledge Machine is the most stunningly illuminating book of the last several decades regarding the all-important scientific enterprise.” —Rebecca Newberger Goldstein, author of Plato at the Googleplex A paradigm-shifting work, The Knowledge Machine revolutionizes our understanding of the origins and structure of science. • Why is science so powerful? • Why did it take so long—two thousand years after the invention of philosophy and mathematics—for the human race to start using science to learn the secrets of the universe? In a groundbreaking work that blends science, philosophy, and history, leading philosopher of science Michael Strevens answers these challenging questions, showing how science came about only once thinkers stumbled upon the astonishing idea that scientific breakthroughs could be accomplished by breaking the rules of logical argument. Like such classic works as Karl Popper’s The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, The Knowledge Machine grapples with the meaning and origins of science, using a plethora of vivid historical examples to demonstrate that scientists willfully ignore religion, theoretical beauty, and even philosophy to embrace a constricted code of argument whose very narrowness channels unprecedented energy into empirical observation and experimentation. Strevens calls this scientific code the iron rule of explanation, and reveals the way in which the rule, precisely because it is unreasonably close-minded, overcomes individual prejudices to lead humanity inexorably toward the secrets of nature. “With a mixture of philosophical and historical argument, and written in an engrossing style” (Alan Ryan), The Knowledge Machine provides captivating portraits of some of the greatest luminaries in science’s history, including Isaac Newton, the chief architect of modern science and its foundational theories of motion and gravitation; William Whewell, perhaps the greatest philosopher-scientist of the early nineteenth century; and Murray Gell-Mann, discoverer of the quark. Today, Strevens argues, in the face of threats from a changing climate and global pandemics, the idiosyncratic but highly effective scientific knowledge machine must be protected from politicians, commercial interests, and even scientists themselves who seek to open it up, to make it less narrow and more rational—and thus to undermine its devotedly empirical search for truth. Rich with illuminating and often delightfully quirky illustrations, The Knowledge Machine, written in a winningly accessible style that belies the import of its revisionist and groundbreaking concepts, radically reframes much of what we thought we knew about the origins of the modern world.